Case studies

The CRCWSC has developed case studies to help build a body of evidence that can support and encourage the adoption of research outcomes.

These detailed case studies capture and communicate the lessons learned from the early adoption of research knowledge in real-life projects. These have been developed in collaboration with project stakeholders to identify the key drivers and innovations which led to the discovery of water sensitive cities outcomes, and to highlight the challenges faced during the process.

Discover a Water Sensitive City

Hover over the graphic below to discover case studies on features in a Water Sensitive City.

Map of a City Diorama
Key for Solution Pins Key for Benefits Pins Key for Enabling Structures Pins

+ key-benefits|Alternative water supplies|https://watersensitivecities.org.au/alternative-water-supplies/|https://watersensitivecities.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/overlay-alternative-water-supplies.png

+ key-solutions|Wastewater management and recycling|https://watersensitivecities.org.au/wastewater-management-and-recycling/|https://watersensitivecities.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/overlay-watewater-management-and-recycling.png

+ key-benefits|Water literacy and behaviour change|https://watersensitivecities.org.au/water-literacy-and-behaviour-change/|https://watersensitivecities.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/overlay-water-literacy-and-behaviour-change.png

+ key-solutions|Stormwater treatment|https://watersensitivecities.org.au/stormwater-treatment/|https://watersensitivecities.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/overlay-stormwater-treatment.png

+ key-solutions|Rainwater and stormwater harvesting|https://watersensitivecities.org.au/rainwater-and-stormwater-harvesting/|https://watersensitivecities.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/overlay-rainwater-and-stormwater-harvesting.png

+ key-solutions|Water sensitive parks and open spaces|https://watersensitivecities.org.au/water-sensitive-parks-and-open-spaces/|https://watersensitivecities.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/overlay-water-sensitive-parks-and-open-spaces.png

+ key-solutions|Managed aquifer recharge|https://watersensitivecities.org.au/managed-aquifer-recharge/|https://watersensitivecities.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/overlay-managed-aquifer-recharge.png

+ key-benefits|Ecosystem health|https://watersensitivecities.org.au/ecosystem-health/|https://watersensitivecities.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/overlay-ecosystem-health.png

+ key-benefits|Flood resilience|https://watersensitivecities.org.au/flood-resilience/|https://watersensitivecities.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/overlay-flood-resilience.png

+ key-solutions|Waterway naturalisation|https://watersensitivecities.org.au/waterway-naturalisation-2/|https://watersensitivecities.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/overlay-waterway-naturalisation.png

+ key-solutions|Water sensitive precincts|https://watersensitivecities.org.au/water-sensitive-precincts/|https://watersensitivecities.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/overlay-water-sensitive-precincts.png

+ key-solutions|Water sensitive streets and carparks|https://watersensitivecities.org.au/water-sensitive-streets-and-carparks/|https://watersensitivecities.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/overlay-water-sensitive-streets-and-carparks.png

+ key-solutions|Water sensitive homes and buildings|https://watersensitivecities.org.au/water-sensitive-homes-and-buildings/|https://watersensitivecities.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/overlay-water-sensitive-homes-and-buildings.png

+ key-solutions|Green roofs and green walls|https://watersensitivecities.org.au/green-roofs-and-green-walls/|https://watersensitivecities.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/overlay-green-roofs-and-green-walls.png

+ key-benefits|Amenity and urban greening|https://watersensitivecities.org.au/amenity-and-urban-greening-2/|https://watersensitivecities.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/overlay-amenity-and-urban-greening.png

+ key-benefits|Urban heat island mitigation|https://watersensitivecities.org.au/urban-heat-island-mitigation/|https://watersensitivecities.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/overlay-urban-heat-island-mitigation.png

+ key-enabling-structure|Community engagement|https://watersensitivecities.org.au/community-engagement/|https://watersensitivecities.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/overlay-community-engagement.png

+ key-enabling-structure|Governance and policy|https://watersensitivecities.org.au/governance-and-policy/|https://watersensitivecities.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/overlay-governance-and-policy.png

+ key-enabling-structure|Leadership and influence|https://watersensitivecities.org.au/leadership-and-influence/|https://watersensitivecities.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/overlay-leadership-and-influence.png

All case studies by project

South Bank Parklands Rain Bank - Queensland

A public parklands in the heart of Brisbane has implemented an alternative water supply scheme for irrigation and toilet flushing by utilising harvested stormwater and filtered backwash from pools and water features.

Small Creek Naturalisation - Queensland

Transformation of 1.6km of existing concrete channel in a heavily urbanised catchment into a natural waterway. The project proactively engaged the local community to create a treasured environment.

Central Park Recycled Water Scheme - New South Wales

This is the world’s biggest recycled water facility in the basement of a residential building, which collects wastewater along with stormwater runoff and rainwater to supply non-potable water demands in the precinct.

One Central Park Vertical Garden - New South Wales

The tower at One Central Park in central Sydney includes a series of vertical gardens which are irrigated using recycled water. This solution ensures plant health while enhancing community connections to nature and providing a striking building façade.

Dobsons Creek Disconnection Project - Victoria

In 2010, Melbourne Water and Knox City Council initiated a pilot program to retrofit the 1300 hectare Dobsons Creek catchment with stormwater disconnection measures on public and private land with the aim of improving the health of Dobsons Creek.

Enhancing Our Dandenong Creek program - Victoria

A collaborative approach with the local community resulted in a series of works to the urban waterway, including daylighting of a piped section of the creek.

Park Orchards Community Sewerage Trial - Victoria

In the Park Orchards and Ringwood North Community Sewerage Area, a trial area of 100 properties in the Park Orchards area has been selected to test and understand the potential to maximise the use of on-property treatment and local reuse of treated wastewater for irrigation.

Warrnambool Roof Water Harvesting Project - Victoria

A landmark scheme which collects water directly from rooftops across a new development and transfers it to a local raw water reservoir where it is treated and utilised as part of the town's potable water supply.

Bannister Creek Living Stream - Western Australia

Naturalisation of a local creek produced demonstrated ecological and amenity benefits that led to an increase nearby property prices.

Kalamunda Managed Aquifer Recharge - Western Australia

The Hartfield Park Managed Aquifer Recharge project in the Shire of Kalumunda involves the recharge of an aquifer under controlled conditions in order to store water for
later abstraction for irrigation use.

Kalkallo Stormwater Harvesting and Reuse - Victoria

The Kalkallo Stormwater Harvesting and Reuse Scheme is the first facility in Australia attempting to harvest and treat stormwater to a standard acceptable for direct injection into the drinking water system.

Waterproofing the West - South Australia

A region wide system that harvests, treats and stores stormwater and distributes recycled water through western Adelaide, sustaining a growing economy and enhancing the natural environment. The project will result in sound water management and will treat and inject up to 2,400ML of recycled water each year.

Sydney Water Bank Naturalisation - New South Wales

Naturalisation of 1.1km of riverbank along the Cooks River in Sydney involved demolition and replacement of steep, deteriorated concrete panels with more gently sloped river banks, stabilised with sandstone and more than 80,000 local native plants.

Randolph Avenue Streetscape Upgrade - South Australia

Inclusion of raingardens in a road environment in Adelaide to improve amenity and improve urban stormwater quality.

Adelaide Airport Irrigation Trial - South Australia

A trial of irrigation of large areas of vegetation at Adelaide airport demonstrated significant reductions in local temperatures.

Greening the Pipeline - Victoria

Greening the pipeline is a project that aims to celebrate and utilise the now disused Melbourne Outfall Sewer corridor which runs through western Melbourne. Gradual greening of the corridor and creation of pocket parks at crossing points is connecting communities and enhancing recreation.

Currumbin Ecovillage Rainwater Harvesting - Queensland

The Currumbin Ecovillage is a 147 lot development in the Gold Coast Hinterland with sustainability at its heart. It demonstrates off-grid living and includes large rainwater tanks on each lot to provide drinking water.

Currumbin Ecovillage Wastewater Management - Queensland

The Currumbin Ecovillage is a 147 lot development in the Gold Coast Hinterland with sustainability at its heart. Wastewater is treated on-site and provided back to the houses for non-potable uses.

Gladstone East Shores Precinct - Queensland

The Gladstone East Shores Precinct is a major new recreational hub for the City of Gladstone located on the foreshore of Auckland Inlet. The integrated parkland design features an innovative application of ‘wicking bed’ technology to store locally harvested stormwater runoff for passive irrigation of a high use open lawn area.

Kings Square Raingardens - Western Australia

As part of the Kings Square development’s approach to sustainability, a network of raingardens were incorporated into the streetscape design to provide stormwater treatment, protect sensitive groundwater systems that flow into the nearby Swan River, improve the long term health of street trees, and enhance amenity.

WA Waterwise Program - Western Australia

The Waterwise Council Program is a collaborative program between the water utility, state government and councils in Western Australia, providing education, training, materials, and funding opportunities to improve water efficiency and build water sensitive communities.

A new community at Officer - Victoria

Collaborative planning and design delivered habitat-rich 100m wide waterway corridors which included 'eco-sponges' which hold and infiltrate stormwater runoff to minimise impacts on the waterway.

Orange - New South Wales

First of its kind in Australia, City of Orange implemented a stormwater harvesting scheme to supplement their town potable water supply.

Aquarevo - Victoria

A Melbourne development planned in collaboration between a water utility and a developer, which includes smart technology to provide rainwater for hot water supply, recycled water supply and real-time monitoring of water use, forthcoming storms and tank levels.

White Gum Valley - Western Australia

An infill development in Freemantle that demonstrates a water sensitive approach at all scales, with smart monitoring of on-lot systems, communal groundwater network for garden irrigation and an infiltration basin transformed into a public park.

Salisbury Alternative Water Scheme - South Australia

Non-drinking water in the City of Salisbury is called ‘Salisbury Water’ and is a mix of treated stormwater and native groundwater which is used to irrigate parks, reserves, schools as well as used in industry and for toilet/garden use in some new residential developments. Collection, storage and distribution of the water uses constructed wetlands, Managed Aquifer Recharge (MAR) and over 150km of ‘purple pipe’ distribution network across the City.

Water Sensitive Elwood - Victoria

The low-lying suburb of Elwood in inner Melbourne has had ongoing flooding issues for a long time. A proactive engagement was delivered to partner with communities and develop a shared understanding of the challenges and co-design possible solutions.

Elizabeth Street Catchment IWCM - Victoria

A natural depression, Elizabeth Street in Central Melbourne is prone to flooding, having an impact on local economies and communities. The Integrated Water Cycle Management (IWCM) Plan for the catchment seeks to integrate the inclusion of stormwater harvesting and storage at the top of the catchment to reduce flood risk.

Moonee Valley Planning Scheme - Victoria

Demonstration of leadership in policy at a local government level, through the ground-breaking integration of local requirements for stormwater management in developments.

Forest Park Ecological Wetland - China

Transformation of a parklands area to a multi-functional landscape in Kunshan, China. The parklands include ecological wetlands that provide water quality treatment for the adjoining canal network, and provides storage of flood water when needed.

Sponge City Innovation Park - China

Collaboration between experts from Australia and China has led to the delivery of Innovation Park in Kunshan, China. The area demonstrates how water sensitive solutions can be delivered at all scales.

Josh’s House - Western Australia

Josh Byrne led by example by building his own home using environmental principles and proving that sustainability can be affordable. Josh's house includes a range of water sensitive urban design and water efficiency measures.

Angus Creek Stormwater Harvesting and Reuse Scheme - New South Wales

The Angus Creek stormwater harvesting and reuse scheme (the scheme) extracts flows from Angus Creek and harvests stormwater runoff from hard surfaces to irrigate the the Blacktown International Sportspark and neighbouring reserves, supplying up to 200ML of fit-for-purpose water each year.

Last updated: 7th Nov 2018