The current report describes research conducted as part of “Engaging communities with Water Sensitive Cities” (Project A2.3) within the CRC for Water Sensitive Cities. The aim of the present research was to establish a baseline understanding of Australians’ knowledge of water and water-related issues. In the current report we use the term ‘water literacy’ to describe this water-related knowledge.

The survey asked a broad range of questions relating to demographic and cultural background, water conservation and pollution prevention behaviours, and knowledge of water and water management issues. The focus of the current report is on the sections of the survey that focused on respondents’ knowledge and understanding of water issues, attitudes and acceptance of alternative water sources, extent of engagement in water-related activities, and sources of information about water.