We have designed these factsheets to guide the repair or design of a living stream site on a flowing urban waterway. The site may be associated with a creek/stream channel, a constructed drain, a lowland river or a living stream built in a new urban development. The factsheets refer to the repair or design of nine different ecological components of flowing waterways: flow, geomorphology, riparian, connectivity (longitudinal, lateral, vertical), water quality (nutrients, physico-chemistry including toxicants) and biota (see next page for a description of components). For most components there are two factsheets: one for what to do at the site scale and the other for what to do at the catchment scale. We encourage practitioners to work at both spatial scales.