Resources

371 results found

The influence of increasing tree cover on mean radiant temperature across a mixed development suburb in Adelaide, Australia

Abstract The implementation of trees in urban environments can mitigate outdoor thermal stress. Growing global urban population and the risk of heatwaves, compounded by development driven urban warmth (the urban heat island), means more people are at risk of heat…
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  • Date Published: 1st Dec 2016

Health and climate related ecosystem services provided by street trees in the urban environment

Abstract Urban tree planting initiatives are being actively promoted as a planning tool to enable urban areas to adapt to and mitigate against climate change, enhance urban sustainability and improve human health and well-being. However, opportunities for creating new areas…
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  • Date Published: 8th Mar 2016

Weekly cycles in peak time temperatures and urban heat island intensity

Abstract Regular diurnal and weekly cycles (WCs) in temperature provide valuable insights into the consequences of anthropogenic activity on the urban environment. Different locations experience a range of identified WCs and have very different structures. Two important sources of urban…
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  • Date Published: 1st Jul 2016

Simulating the surface energy balance over two contrasting urban environments using the Community Land Model Urban

Abstract A single-layer urban canopy model Community Land Model Urban (CLMU) is evaluated over two contrasting urban environments of Toulouse (France) and Melbourne (Australia). For the latter, three measurement sites are available characterized by a varying amount of vegetation, which…
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Locations
  • Date Published: 2nd Dec 2013

Planning for cooler cities: A framework to prioritise green infrastructure to mitigate high temperatures in urban landscapes

Abstract Warming associated with urban development will be exacerbated in future years by temperature increases due to climate change. The strategic implementation of urban green infrastructure (UGI) e.g. street trees, parks, green roofs and facades can help achieve temperature reductions…
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  • Date Published: 1st Feb 2015

Temperature and human thermal comfort effects of street trees across three contrasting street canyon environments

Abstract Urban street trees provide many environmental, social, and economic benefits for our cities. This research explored the role of street trees in Melbourne, Australia, in cooling the urban microclimate and improving human thermal comfort (HTC). Three east–west (E–W) oriented…
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  • Date Published: 1st Apr 2016

Watering our cities: the capacity for water sensitive urban design to support urban cooling and improve human thermal comfort in the Australian context

Abstract Urban drainage infrastructure is generally designed to rapidly export stormwater away from the urban environment to minimize flood risk created by extensive impervious surface cover. This deficit is resolved by importing high-quality potable water for irrigation. However, cities and…
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  • Date Published: 6th Nov 2012

Remotely sensed thermal pollution and its relationship with energy consumption and industry in a rapidly urbanizing Chinese city

Abstract Taking the city of Xiamen, China, as an example, we used thermal infrared remote sensing to detect thermal pollution, and examined its relationship to energy consumption and the industrial economy. Monthly changes in 2002 and dynamics throughout the period…
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  • Date Published: 1st Jun 2013

An exploration of temperature metrics for further developing the heat-health weather warning system in Hong Kong

Abstract Background. The current weather warning system aims to reduce mortality from heat and cold stress but still has room to be improved in terms of incorporating other temperature metrics. The aim of this study is to determine how extreme…
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  • Date Published: 1st Jan 2013

Assessing practical measures to reduce urban heat: Green and cool roofs

Abstract As cities continue to grow and develop under climate change, identifying and assessing practical approaches to mitigate high urban temperatures is critical to help provide thermally comfortable, attractive and sustainable urban environments. Green and cool roofs are commonly reported…
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  • Date Published: 1st Dec 2013

Can a spatial index of heat-related vulnerability predict emergency service demand in Australian capital cities?

Abstract Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate a spatial model of population vulnerability (VI) capable of identifying areas of high emergency service demand (ESD) during extreme heat events (EHE). Design/methodology/approach – An index of population vulnerability…
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  • Date Published: 1st Jan 2014

The impact of “unseasonably” warm spring temperatures on acute myocardial infarction hospital admissions in Melbourne, Australia: A city with a temperate climate

Abstract The effects of extreme temperatures on human health have been well described. However, the adverse health effects of warm weather that occurs outside the summer period have had little attention. We used daily anomalous AMI morbidity and daily anomalous…
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  • Date Published: 4th Jun 2014

Identifying vulnerable populations in subtropical Brisbane, Australia: A guide for heatwave preparedness and health promotion

Abstract Building healthy societies is a key step towards climate resilient communities. Ill health is related to increased risk during heat events and is disproportionally distributed within and between communities. To understand the differences in the spatial distribution of climate…
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  • Date Published: 18th Feb 2014

The relationship between housing and heat wave resilience in older people

Abstract Older people have justifiably been highlighted as a high-risk group with respect to heat wave mortality and morbidity. However, there are older people living within the community who have developed adaptive and resilient environments around their home that provide…
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  • Date Published: 1st Sep 2015

The implementation of biofiltration systems, rainwater tanks and urban irrigation in a single-layer urban canopy model

Abstract Urban vegetation is generally considered as a key tool to modify the urban energy balance through enhanced evapotranspiration (ET). Given that vegetation is most effective when it is healthy, stormwater harvesting and retention strategies (such as water sensitive urban…
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  • Date Published: 1st Dec 2014

Thermal infrared remote sensing of urban heat: Hotspots, vegetation, and an assessment of techniques for use in urban planning

Abstract In order to mitigate areas of high urban air temperature (or ‘hotspots’), advice and tools are currently being sought to help inform urban planning and decision making around urban greening. One potential tool receiving growing interest is the use…
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  • Date Published: 1st Dec 2016

Visitors’ perception of thermal comfort during extreme heat events at the Royal Botanic Garden Melbourne

Abstract Outdoor thermal comfort studies have mainly examined the perception of local residents, and there has been little work on how those conditions are perceived differently by tourists, especially tourists of diverse origins. This issue is important because it will…
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  • Date Published: 6th Jan 2016
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