Urban planning

Introduction

Urban planning involves managing development and land use to deliver social, environmental and economic outcomes that make cities great places to live, work and visit. Development and land use has a large impact on the water cycle, which creates the need for strong integration between urban planning and water management.

Good urban planning includes water as a key focus of decision making to enhance water security and waterway health, reduce flood risk and damage, and create spaces that collect, clean, and recycle water.

CRCWSC research emphasises the critical role urban planning plays in achieving water sensitive outcomes in greenfield development (not previously urbanised) and infill development (within existing urban areas).

Our research on the urban planning has identified some interesting findings:

You will find a range of research reports on urban planning under the categories below.

You will find a range of research reports on urban waterways under the categories below.

Land use planning

Strategic planning

Water planning

Flood planning

Research application

Our research on urban planning has been applied to a range of projects:

  • A range of mechanisms were proposed to manage future development in the Sydenham to Bankstown Urban Renewal Corridor, including planning principles that integrate water management and urban spaces.
  • Stakeholders applied a co-design approach to position water as key component in the renewal of the Liverpool Collaboration Area in New South Wales.
  • Ideas for Vic. Planning Controls outlines approaches to apply planning controls to improve stormwater management in Victoria.
  • The 485 hectare urban renewal project at Fishermans Bend created innovative outcomes for urban planning and water management.
  • The design concepts developed for the urban redevelopment precinct at Arden Macaulay integrate landscape form and climate change adaptation to influence development scenarios and building design.

Tools and guidelines

Several tools and guidelines, informed by our research, have been developed for use by practitioners including:

  • Practising integrated urban and water planning describes a framework and series of principles for integrating urban and water planning, illustrated with case examples from across Australia.
  • The Infill Typologies Catalogue provides urban planners with evidence-based design guidelines to support better residential infill practice. The catalogue has a range of housing densities and configurations and evaluates their water sensitive performance.
  • The Flexibility in Adaptation Planning guideline provides a step-by-step approach to increase resilience against climate related flood hazards allowing urban planners to identify adaptive responses.
  • The Water Sensitive Cities Index, an innovative city benchmarking and planning tool, helps city planners and decision makers transition to a water sensitive city.
  • Trees for a cool city provides an illustrative guideline for planning and prioritising street trees to achieve the largest cooling benefits for human thermal comfort.
  • The Adaption tipping points tool (ATP) supports urban planning and land use decisions by improving confidence in flooding system performance through stress testing a range of failure points over time.

Infographics

Infographic 1

An example of urban metabolism (CRC for Water Sensitive Cities, 2019. Ideas for the Liverpool Collaboration Area. Melbourne, Australia: CRC for Water Sensitive Cities, p. 23.)

Infographic 2

Tree pits provide passive watering for trees (CRC for Water Sensitive Cities, 2019. Case study: Dubbo urban heat island amelioration project. Melbourne, Australia: CRC for Water Sensitive Cities, p. 15.)

Infographic 3

A framework for integrated urban and water planning processes (CRC for Water Sensitive Cities, 2018. Integrated Research Project 3: where water planning meets urban planning. Melbourne, Australia: CRC for Water Sensitive Cities, p. 1.)

Infographic 4

Influence of infill development on water performance (CRC for Water Sensitive Cities, 2018. Overview: IRP4 – Water sensitive outcomes for infill developments. Melbourne, Australia: CRC for Water Sensitive Cities, p. 2.)

Infographic 5

Figure 2. The concept of urban metabolism (Renouf MA et al., 2016. Urban metabolism for planning water sensitive cities: concept for an urban water metabolism evaluation framework. Melbourne, Australia: CRC for Water Sensitive Cities, p. 14.)

Infographic 6

Figure 3. Urban metabolism of water (Renouf MA et al., 2016. Urban metabolism for planning water sensitive cities: concept for an urban water metabolism evaluation framework. Melbourne, Australia: CRC for Water Sensitive Cities, p. 14.)

Infographic 7

Elements of statutory land use planning (Choi L and McIlrath B, 2017. Policy framework for water sensitive urban design in 5 Australian cities. Melbourne, Australia: CRC for Water Sensitive Cities, p. 15.)

Infographic 8

State planning policy for WSUD: the current legislative and policy framework for land use planning in NSW (Choi L and McIlrath B, 2017. Policy framework for water sensitive urban design in 5 Australian cities. Melbourne, Australia: CRC for Water Sensitive Cities, p. 69.)

Infographic 9

Urban Water Management Plans – Guidelines for preparing plans and for complying with Subdivision Conditions, Integrating water planning with the land planning process in WA (Choi L and McIlrath B, 2017. Policy framework for water sensitive urban design in 5 Australian cities. Melbourne, Australia: CRC for Water Sensitive Cities, p. 102.)